Jean-Luc Margot

I am a professor affiliated with the Department of Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences and with the Department of Physics and Astronomy at UCLA. With students and postdocs in a lively research group, I study the formation and evolution of planets with the tools of Astrophysics, Geophysics, and Dynamics. You can use the navigation links to learn more about my teaching and research interests.

Photo of Jean-Luc Margot


Planet Definition Proposal (2015 Nov. 10)

I proposed a quantitative criterion for defining planets that applies to the solar system and to planetary systems around other stars. My paper is in press in the Astronomical Journal. The proposal makes no reference to the Earth's moon, which does not qualify as a planet. Explanation at the LA Times.

Searching for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (2015 Oct. 14)

Imagine what we could learn if we detected signals from an advanced civilization. Find out how you can get involved.

A werewolf plant? What is the evidence? (2015 Aug. 27)

The journal Biology Letters published the extraordinary claim of a lunar influence on pollination on the basis of 3 data points. My independent analysis, published in the Journal of Biological Rhythms, suggests the strong possibility of a spurious correlation.

Nine years at eight planets (2015 Aug. 24).

Nine years ago the Astronomical community defined what it takes to be a planet. Most people have easily adjusted. Also available in Spanish.

Europa mission Gravity Science Working Group named (2015 Aug. 12).

The Gravity Science Working Group for NASA's Europa mission will provide recommendations related to gravity science investigations. I am excited to be part of the group.

SETI course approved by UCLA registrar (2015 Jun. 29).

The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence encapsulates some of the most important scientific questions that humans have ever asked. This new course will convey fundamentals in telecommunications, signal processing, computer science, and statistics in the context of SETI.

UCLA team heads to Arecibo for radar observations of Icarus (2015 Jun. 15).

We anticipated obtaining superb images of the asteroid Icarus with the Arecibo Planetary Radar, but encountered multiple hardware problems. We posted a description and photos of our observing campaign.

Asteroids IV chapters available (2015 Apr. 2).

Every 10 years or so, the asteroid community writes a big book that summarizes the state of knowledge in the field. Our chapter is entitled "Asteroid Systems: Binaries, Triples, and Pairs".

There was a full moon and nothing happened ... again (2015 Mar. 29).

I reanalyzed a pervasive, erroneous belief and reaffirmed the conclusion that the Moon does not influence the timing of hospital admissions or human births.

'Mercury - The View after MESSENGER' (2014 Dec. 04).

The MESSENGER team is writing a book that summarizes our current knowledge of Mercury. I am writing the chapter "Internal Structure" (with Peale, Hauck, Mazarico, Padovan).

A conversation with NASA Administrator Charles Bolden (2014 Jan. 22).

We spoke about his background, NASA as a federal agency, NASA's mission, the space program, asteroids, orbital debris, Europa, and medical developments. A one-hour video is available online.

Astronomical alignments (2013 Dec. 21).

The astronomical alignments of ancient structures is a fascinating branch of archeoastronomy. On the days surrounding the winter solstice, I witnessed our enduring fascination with celestial bodies in Santa Monica.

How realistic is the movie "Gravity"? (2013 Sep. 28).

To prepare for a CNN interview, I collected some thoughts about the realism of the science portrayed in "Gravity".

Radar Astronomy and the Asteroid Impact Hazard (2013 Apr. 14).

Radar astronomy plays a critical role in assessing and mitigating the risk associated with asteroid impacts. My 4-minute presentation for the 2013 Planetary Defense Conference is available on youtube .

Planetary systems living on the edge of stability (2013 Feb. 28).

A large fraction of planetary systems are full: if you throw one more planet into the mix, the whole thing goes unstable. For details, read our paper published in the Astrophysical Journal.

Characterization of potentially hazardous asteroid 2000 ET70 (2013 Jan. 30).

The paper describes the results of our radar observations of a large near-Earth asteroid. Our measurements enable reliable trajectory predictions in the interval 460-2813, indicating that the asteroid poses no danger to Earth in the next 8 centuries.

Video of Astrobiology/SETI public talk available (2012 Dec. 30).

A 14 minute video of my presentation at the Nov 15 UCLA-Mindshare event is now available on youtube.

Moments of inertia of the terrestrial planets: one down, one more to go (2012 Nov. 5).

With bulk density, the moment of inertia is the most important quantity needed to understand the composition and interior structure of a planet. Our paper provides the moment of inertia of Mercury by combining 10 years of spin state observations and MESSENGER gravity data. Values for Mercury, Earth, and Mars are now know. The value for Venus has never been measured, but we are working on it.

What is the architecture of planetary systems? (2012 Jul. 24).

We studied the properties of planetary systems discovered around 1,790 stars and figured out how many planets there are and how inclined their orbits are. It turns out that our solar system is quite consistent with the majority of planetary systems out there. Our findings have been published in the Astrophysical Journal.

Large scale study of the effect of sunlight on asteroid orbits (2012 Apr. 26).

We have identified and quantified changes in the orbits of 54 Near-Earth Asteroids due to the effect of sunlight. Understanding this effect is important as it represents the biggest source of uncertainty in trajectory predictions of potentially hazardous asteroids. Our paper in the Astronomical Journal is available here.

Predictions of additional planets in multi-planet systems (2012 Mar. 13).

At least 8 planetary systems discovered by the Kepler mission, and possibly many more, are likely to harbor additional, yet-to-be discovered planets. Our paper, Predicting Planets in Kepler Multi-Planet Systems, appeared in the Astrophysical Journal.

Observations of the Galilean satellites (2011 Oct. 22).

We are measuring the spin states of Europa and Ganymede with the goals of quantifying tilts in spin axes and oscillations in spin rates. These measurements can inform us about the interior structures, geological processes, and astrobiological potential of these icy moons .

"Where is MESSENGER?" smart phone application released (2011 Apr. 7).

To help my colleagues and I keep track of MESSENGER's position in its orbit around Mercury, I wrote a small application for smart phones.

MESSENGER in orbit! (2011 Mar. 17).

Instruments aboard MESSENGER are returning a wealth of new data about the enigmatic planet Mercury. My role on the Science Team is to combine spacecraft and ground-based data (gravity, topography, dynamics) to characterize the interior of the planet.

A planetary taxonomy proposal (2009 Jun. 9).

A special session at the 214th meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Pasadena, CA was devoted to "Planet Classification in the 21st Century". My presentation can be downloaded here.

First detection of the YORP effect (2007 Mar. 07).

Radar and optical observations of asteroid (54509) YORP provided the first direct observational evidence that sunlight modifies the spin of asteroids.

Observations of asteroid 2000 BD19 at Arecibo Observatory (2006 Feb. 25).

Successful observations at Arecibo Observatory provided precise range measurements to the asteroid 2000 BD19, which comes very close to the Sun (the closest approach distance is only 20 times the radius of the Sun). The asteroid's orbit is perturbed by general relativity and the non-spherical shape of the Sun.